There are actually two words in English that rhyme with “orange,” but they are both proper nouns: Blorenge (a hill outside Abergavenny in Wales) and Gorringe (an English surname).
Carrots were not always orange; when they were being used in 3000 B.C.E. in Afghanistan they were purple on the outside and yellow on the inside.
In 1673 New York in New Amsterdam was called New Orange by the Dutch, but then was taken over by the English who called it New York, then lost again to the Dutch who returned to calling it New Orange, but then the English permanently got it under the Treaty of Westminster and it has been New York ever since.
Finally, orange was first used as the name for a color in 1542.
COMPILED FROM “The Book of General Ignorance,” by John Lloyd and John Mitchinson